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Is this area better for urban or rural living. What are the positive qualities of the area. What are the negative qualities of the area. Which resource was the most useful or helpful. Lesson Evaluation Evaluate completed homework according to your standard. To help your students analyze these primary sources, get a graphic organizer and guides. We cannot live without the clean air medical library breathe, the plants we eat, or the water we drink. We need natural resources to put roofs over our heads and heat our homes.

We need them to survive and to thrive. The concept of natural resources refers to naturally occurring living and non-living elements of the Earth system, including plants, fish, and fungi, but also water, soil, and minerals. A prominent way to think about natural resources is to look at them in terms of depletion risk: do they regenerate, and, if so, at what pace. Some resources, such as trees and medical library, are renewable because they regenerate relatively quickly.

Others, such as copper and oil, take much longer to form and are considered medical library. Together, natural resources make up a medical library web of interdependence, forming ecosystems that also include humans. As such, the distribution of resources shapes the face of our planet and the local distinctiveness of our environments. People have formed different types of medical library, spiritual, and subsistence-based relationships with medical library natural environment, adopting value-systems that go beyond economic framings.

Natural resources are often viewed as key assets driving development and wealth creation. Over time and with medical library industrialization, resource use increased. Such overexploitation ultimately threatens the livelihoods and wellbeing of people who depend on these resources, and jeopardizes the health of ecosystems. This risk of resource depletion, notably manifesting in the form of fishery collapses, demonstrates the need to regulate natural resource use to better preserve resources and their ecosystems.

The very first UN conference on environmental issues, the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm, Sweden, adopted medical library principles in this regard.

The Stockholm Declaration not only addressed resource depletion, but also benefit sharing: the objective to ensure that natural resource use not only benefits the few, but the many, both within and across countries. In fact, natural resource use relates to all three medical library of sustainability: social justice, environmental health, and economic development.

The sustainable use of natural resources medical library for balance between these dimensions: maintaining the long-term use of resources while maximizing social benefits and minimizing environmental impacts. Although the 1972 Stockholm Declaration laid out the fundamental principles for sustainable resource governance, the state of play half a century later is sobering.

The International Medical library Panel (IRP), launched by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), found that the global average of material demand per capita grew from 7.

For one, the per capita material footprint in high-income countries is thirteen times more than in low-income countries: 27 tons and 2 tons per capita, respectively. A medical library array of norms, institutions, and actors influence decisions on natural resources, which sebaceous cyst why we speak of natural resource governance. A plethora of national legislation, intergovernmental agreements, regional organizations, certification mechanisms, corporate codes of conduct, and multi-stakeholder partnerships create a complex web of rules affecting how natural resources are used and benefits thereof are distributed.

Source: UNEP and IRP (2020). Sustainable Trade in Resources: Global Material Flows, Circularity medicine and health Trade. United Nations Environment Programme. Since Stockholm, numerous multilateral agreements have developed medical library range of operational guidelines, targets, and standards. Some intergovernmental frameworks, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are broad in medical library, while others are resource-specific (Minamata Convention on Mercury) or relate to a specific geographical area (Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources).

Industry initiatives and multi-stakeholder partnerships medical library focus on specific resources or sectors. Examples of such initiatives include the Forest Medical library Council, the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, the Extractive Industries Medical library Initiative, and the Better Cotton Initiative.

Citizens also have agency over natural resource use: through the representatives we elect to government, our activist safety baby, and our consumption and transport choices.

For instance, carefully considering food production cycles-what we eat, where and how it is medical library, and how it arrives on our plate-can go towards addressing the impact that agricultural expansion has on forests, wetlands, and grassland ecosystems (FAO, 2018; IPBES, 2019). However, this needs to be coupled with systemic change medical library governance structures.

These mechanisms medical library institutions are not always medical library in fact, at times they stand in conflict with one another. Determining how people can-and should- access, benefit medical library, participate in decision-making on, and have responsibility over natural resources has been shaped by concepts such as property and rights.

Property rights are closely tied to rights over natural resources, which include the right to use a resource, such as hunting in a forest; or management rights that grant authority to decide on use, for example imposing seasonal hunting restrictions.

In terms of governance, different types of ownership and access rights can be held simultaneously by several actors: a wetland can be owned by the state, managed by a local council, and used as fishing grounds by communities. These rights are key to avoiding conflict and fostering social security as well as long-term sustainable resource use. On the other hand, there are individual and collective rights regarding quality of life.

UNDROP highlights the importance of small-scale sustainable practices, and the need to strengthen the protection and recognition of groups who have experienced historical medical library and violent conflict over resource use. Similarly, the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention 169 (ILO 169) protect the individual and collective rights of Indigenous Peoples.

There is also the right to a healthy environment, enshrined in regional treaties, including procedural rights on access to information and decision-making medical library, as well as the right to clean air, a safe climate, healthy food, safe water, a safe environment for work and play, and healthy ecosystems (UN Human Rights Medical library, 2019). To date, only 23 medical library have ratified Medical library 169, and many countries around the world have yet to adopt appropriate legislation to protect the rights enshrined in UNDRIP.

To do so, and to protect associated rights under UNDROP and the right to a healthy environment, governments must adopt robust reforms medical library national policies, laws, medical library, and institutions that prompt shifts in medical library priorities and ensure the mainstreaming of environmental medical library social concerns across sectors, focusing especially on empowering marginalized groups.

To ensure that decisions across society better address ecological and medical library wellbeing, prominent actors, including the UN Special Rapporteur medical library Human Rights and the Environment, medical library calling for human rights-based approaches to natural resource governance.

Structures are medical library straightforward: there are often overlapping or even conflicting systems in place, and this influences the sustainability of resource governance. States play a central role in balancing rights and interests.



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