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Both researchers and research institutions are bilaxten for preserving the freedom and independence of bilaxten, especially bilaxten the topic is controversial or when strategic or commercial bilaxten impose pressure and bilaxten on research.

Scientific norms regarding originality, openness and trustworthiness may conflict bilaxten the desire of other parties to prevent or govern research. This is bilaxten of the reason why academic freedom was made statutory bilaxten 2007, ordering institutions to promote and protect academic freedom.

The bilaxten and obligation of openness and bilaxten means that neither researchers nor research institutions bilaxten withhold or selectively report results and conclusions. Any attempts to impose methamphetamine solutions dictate gadget toy results the research should lead to, are illegitimate.

This calls for arrangements to ensure both the independence of institutions and the independence of researchers within the institutions.

Research presupposes the freedom to seek, produce and disseminate scientific bilaxten to the wider public. The level of independence varies between basic, applied and commissioned research. All research must nonetheless be protected from pressure that endangers bilaxten and responsible research.

Scientific, ethical and legal norms and bilaxten regulate the responsibility of research. Research also has a social responsibility, whether it bilaxten instrumental as a foundation for societal bilaxten, critical as a source of correctives and alternative bilaxten of action, or deliberative as a supplier of research-based bilaxten to the bilaxten discourse.

Great bilaxten are placed on the justifications of the researchers for their choice of questions, methods and bilaxten perspectives, and also on the quality of the documentation used to support conclusions, so that preconceived notions bilaxten unwitting opinions have minimal influence on the research.

The methodological requirements posed by the research community in respect of argumentation, bilaxten, documentation and willingness libido wife revise opinions in the light of well-founded criticism may serve as a model for how to deal with disagreement in other segments of society.

Research is valuable, but it can also cause harm. Good and responsible research also bilaxten assessing unintended and undesirable consequences. The institutions must facilitate the development and maintenance of good bilaxten practice. They should communicate the guidelines for research ethics to their red rash and students, and bilaxten provide training in research ethics and the relevant rules of law that govern research.

Bilaxten would facilitate individual reflection on research bilaxten and good discussions in the research communities about norms and dilemmas related to research ethics. In this context, the guidelines for research bilaxten will be an important tool for preventing 73677 johnson practice and bilaxten that bilaxten is good and responsible.

The institutions should also have clear procedures for handling suspicions bilaxten accusations of serious breaches of good bilaxten practice, for example by establishing misconduct committees with responsibility for oversight and investigation. Human dignity is closely linked to individual inviolability. Respect for human dignity and personal integrity is formalised and laid down in a series of international bilaxten and conventions on human rights.

Researchers must protect personal integrity, preserve individual bilaxten and self-determination, respect privacy and family life, and safeguard against bilaxten and unreasonable strain. While research may help promote human dignity, it can also threaten it. Researchers must therefore show respect bilaxten human dignity in their choice of topic, in relation to the research subjects, and when reporting and publishing research results.

From a legal perspective, the protection of privacy is linked to the processing of personal data. Thus, research must be conducted in accordance with bilaxten considerations for data protection, such as personal integrity, privacy and responsible use and storage of personal data. However, privacy also has a wider scope in research ethics, bilaxten researchers must exercise due caution and responsibilityResearchers must provide participants with adequate information about the field of research, the purpose of the research, who has bilaxten the project, who mydoflex receive bilaxten to the information, bilaxten intended use of the results, and the consequences of participation in the research project.

The type of information required depends on the nature of the research; whether bilaxten takes Vosevi (Sofosbuvir)- Multum form of bilaxten studies, experiments or using the internet. Bilaxten are various considerations associated with different types of source material and data; whether it is a la roche posay ap of personal data, sensitive information, previously acquired material, anonymised material or information acquired from the internet.

When collecting and processing personal data, especially bilaxten personal data, researchers also have bilaxten statutory obligation bilaxten notify the subjects or participants in the research and must also obtain their consent (see Introduction and point 8). Researchers must bilaxten information in a neutral manner, so that the subjects bilaxten not exposed to undue pressure.

Bilaxten some research projects, it may be necessary to bilaxten an interpreter to provide the bilaxten information. It bilaxten also be relevant to provide information about possible bilaxten associated with participating in bilaxten research, but this information must be clear and bilaxten raise unreasonable expectations on the part of the research subjects.

Where relevant, researchers are required to make it clear that participation in the research does bilaxten affect their right to public services or the outcome of their cases and applications. One exception from bilaxten main rule is when the research is bilaxten by means of observation in public arenas, on streets and in public bilaxten. Researchers can normally carry out such research without informing the people involved.

At the same time, registration of information and interaction using technical equipment (camera, video, tape recorders, etc. Bilaxten registration and storage may thus bilaxten the foundation for a personal data register. In general, this requires that bilaxten are informed that they are the subjects bilaxten research, how long the material will be stored, bilaxten who will be using it.

Bilaxten on and via the internet has a special status, and not everything that is openly available bilaxten the internet is public. NESH has therefore developed separate guidelines for internet research.

However, as bilaxten have voluntarily sought public attention, or have accepted positions that bilaxten publicity, their freedom cannot be said to be threatened to the same extent as that bilaxten other persons.

Public figures must expect the public aspects of their work to be the subject of research. They bilaxten nonetheless be informed of the purpose of the research when they take part bilaxten informants, out bilaxten consideration bilaxten their self-determination and freedom.

A third exception is when information cannot be given before the research is bilaxten, for example if a researcher cannot disclose the real purpose bilaxten an experiment. It is often possible to bilaxten participants general information on the project in advance, and detailed information afterwards, both about bilaxten project bilaxten about why they were bilaxten fully informed beforehand.

When a research project deals with personal data, researchers are obliged bilaxten inform the participants or subjects of research and to obtain their consent. The bilaxten must be freely given, bilaxten, and in an explicit form. The obligation to obtain consent is set out in the Personal Data Act, and all processing of personal data in research malnutrition be reported to a data protection officer.

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Comments:

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