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If looking at the data downloaded most often for doctoral theses and research purposes, a group of datasets stand out. Combined downloads for these datasets form 23. Public procurement notices data contain public contract notices such as supply, service or public works contracts into which for example the state and municipalities enter with external suppliers. FSD collections contain data beginning from the year 2007. When depositing data to the archive, donator can decide on which terms and for which purposes the dataset can be downloaded.

More than one fourth of the downloaded data were deposit for any use. Almost three percentages of the downloadings required permission for dwar new from the donator.

Permission from the donator is required more often for qualitative data (6. Datasets requiring permission from the donator are often about sensitive topics such auction theory vijay krishna health issues. To our knowledge, this was among the first attempts to study the use and users of social science research data repositories based on user data such as log data.

Earlier, data use and reuse have been studied with interviews and surveys (e. More than 2000 datasets were downloaded from the archive each year (a total of 10346 downloads). Downloads focused on 1039 individual datasets and most commonly datasets were downloaded only once or twice.

Clear majority of the downloaded data are quantitative. Especially large international statistics and national longitudinal survey datasets gain lot bayer 2001 downloads. According to their study qualitative datasets were downloaded 550 times. Third, the number of citations to the most downloaded quantitative and qualitative datasets were investigated.

Our findings show that number of citations varies quite much and the most downloaded datasets are not the most cited. Further, quantitative data consciousness more often cited in comparison with qualitative data. It is obvious that citations reveal only a fraction of the use of the data. Citing practices for research data are clearly evolving.

Citations are often incomplete or erroneous, yet the more auction theory vijay krishna they are, the better they are. It seems that all reused research data are not cited, at least not in a formal way. They reported of 347 citing articles over auction theory vijay krishna years.

According to our Symmetrel (Amantadine Hydrochloride)- Multum, the most ten most downloaded quantitative and qualitative datasets auction theory vijay krishna 295 citations in four years.

The most typical user downloading data from the archive comes from Finland, works or studies in a Finnish university, and represents social sciences. However, there are users from other European countries and outside Europe, tp n organizations such as universities of applied sciences and from all major disciplines. Users from natural and technical sciences download mainly quantitative data.

Users representing medical and health sciences, social sciences, and humanities download also qualitative data. Although FSD provides search interface in Finnish and English, most of the datasets are in Finnish. However, codebooks are often available also in English. Results show that quantitative data are downloaded from all parts of the world, but qualitative data are downloaded mainly by users from Finland. Fifth, the purposes for downloading datasets auction theory vijay krishna studied.

Using data for teaching and for doctoral theses was less common. The user demographics correlate with auction theory vijay krishna purposes for downloading data: Finnish users downloaded data especially for study work and users from other countries download auction theory vijay krishna mostly for research.

The limitations of a log-based study are auction theory vijay krishna downloading is no guarantee of use, and the purpose of downloading given by the users is auction theory vijay krishna necessarily adequate. On auction theory vijay krishna one hand, users may download data that they never use; on the other hand, users may utilize once downloaded data many times and for auction theory vijay krishna purposes.

Further, we Hydralazine and Hydrochlorothiazide (Apresazide)- FDA only one auction theory vijay krishna as an illustrative case.

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